Improvement in symptoms, behaviors and skills

​​​Improvement of Symptoms/Behaviors/Skills 

  • Symptoms: Mental health and substance use disorder symptoms should be monitored and measured, through standardized measurement tools when available and appropriate. Symptoms should show improvement, or the treatment being offered should be enhanced or changed. Remission from the acute illness is the goal, along with recovery of previous levels of functioning when possible. Standardized measures of remission are specific to the measurement tool being used.

  • Behaviors:  For ID/DD, most often the function of challenging behavior is related to trauma responses, communication difficulties, skill deficits, medical conditions, access to some desirable attention, escape, sensory input, or pain relief. Challenging behaviors are subject to improvement when interventions reflect best practices. In addition, the intervention must correspond with the function of the behavior in order for the individual to achieve optimal outcomes. For MH/SA, behavior improvement may include improvements in abilities to
    • engage in pro-social, age-appropriate functioning in home and community;
    • regularly participate in treatment services or positively respond to treatment engagement efforts;
    • keep stable employment or actively participate in supports/services to improve employability;
    • maintain a stable living environment; and
    • establish and maintain relatively healthy interpersonal relationships.

  • Skill Acquisition: Best practices for individuals with intellectual disabilities and developmental disabilities include following a person-centered approach to attain skills that will maximize opportunities for community integration and enhance quality of life for the individual. To reflect a person-centered approach, the identification of skills to be developed should be based on the preference, skill repertoire, age, short-term changes, long-term changes, medical situation, and other factors affecting the individual.​