Person-Centered Approach

​​Critical elements of a person-centered approach include direct participation of the individual with the intellectual or developmental disability and their legal guardian in both the planning and decision-making process. The planning process should reflect the individual's perspective, include direct participation in decision-making processes related to necessary supports or services, and identify goals with outcomes measured to reflect the eight quality of life values.

A person-centered approach is designed to focus on the perspectives and preferences of the individual, rather than the perspectives and preferences of the family, guardian, or provider. Support for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities is anticipated to continue throughout the lifespan, but the type of services and intensity of services evolve to reflect the unique, changing needs and goals of the individual.  To assure person-centered planning and services, it is important to balance between a quality of care approach and a quality of life approach.